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Explore the Durability and Applications of Carbon Steel

Learn About the Carbon Steel Materials Provided by HDC

Explore HDC's extensive range of Carbon Steel materials, known for their strength and adaptability across various industries. This page provides an in-depth look at the properties, composition, and different grades of carbon steel, underscoring its essential role in sectors ranging from construction to automotive manufacturing. Discover how HDC's carbon steel options are tailored to meet diverse engineering requirements, ensuring high performance and reliability for every application.

Carbon Steel for Superior Performance

Exploring Carbon Steel: The Backbone of Modern Industry

Carbon steel, an alloy of iron and carbon, stands as one of the most widely used engineering materials across the globe. Its foundational role in manufacturing is due to its impressive adaptability, which allows it to meet a variety of mechanical properties through changes in the carbon content and heat treatment. 

From building frameworks in the construction industry to the delicate intricacies of automotive components, carbon steel’s applications are as varied as they are essential.

carbon steel material 2
carbon steel material 1

HDC Specializes in Processing Carbon Steel

At HDC, we take pride in our specialized capabilities in processing carbon steel, known for its strength and versatility. Our advanced manufacturing facilities are equipped with technologies like CNC machining, forging, and laser cutting, enabling us to handle carbon steel with precision and efficiency.

Our expertise across various grades of carbon steel allows us to produce components that meet the highest standards of durability and performance. Whether it’s parts for construction machinery, automotive components, or custom fabrications, HDC’s skilled team crafts every product with exceptional attention to detail and quality.

Key Benefits of Carbon Steel in Industry

Discover the pivotal advantages of carbon steel that make it indispensable across various sectors.

  • Cost-Effectiveness

    Carbon steel is generally more affordable than other metals like stainless steel or certain alloys, making it a budget-friendly option for large-scale production and manufacturing.

  • High Strength

    Carbon steel provides excellent strength, making it ideal for heavy-duty applications like construction and machinery. Its strength varies with the carbon content during production.

  • Ductility

    Lower grades of carbon steel are highly ductile, allowing them to be formed into different shapes without fracturing, which is advantageous for applications requiring bending and forming.

  • Machinability

    This material is easier to cut and shape compared to harder metals, which reduces manufacturing time and costs associated with fabrication.

  • Weldability

    Carbon steel is compatible with various welding techniques, which enhances its utility in construction and automotive industries where welding is a common requirement.

  • Versatility

    It can be used in a multitude of applications, from construction materials and automobile components to household appliances and more, due to its adaptable properties.

Explore the Range of Carbon Steel Grades We Provide

From low-carbon mild steels to high-carbon tool steels, our portfolio ensures the right fit for every application, combining durability with performance to deliver top-quality results.

1045 carbon steel is a medium carbon steel known for its good mechanical properties and strength, making it an ideal choice for manufacturing a variety of mechanical and structural components. It has good weldability and machinability, commonly used in the production of bearings, gears, and other load-bearing parts. This type of steel also offers moderate hardness and can be heat treated to improve its toughness and durability.

1045 Carbon Steel Properties

DensityHardness, BrinellTensile Strength, UltimateModulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus
7.87 g/cc163565 MPa200 GPa 80 GPa

1018 carbon steel is a low carbon steel renowned for its excellent weldability and formability, making it ideal for manufacturing welded structures, fixtures, and other products that require good formability. This steel also exhibits good cold forming characteristics and is often used in applications where bending or forming is required. It provides a balance of strength, ductility, and ease of machining, making it a versatile choice for many engineering applications.

1018 Carbon Steel Properties

DensityHardness, BrinellTensile Strength, UltimateModulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus
7.87 g/cc126440 MPa205 GPa 80 GPa

1215 carbon steel is a resulfurized and rephosphorized low carbon steel, enhancing its machinability. This makes 1215 exceptionally suitable for manufacturing precision parts such as screws and fasteners, especially in high-volume production settings. The added sulfur and phosphorus not only improve the machinability but also enhance the metal’s finish, allowing for smoother surfaces which are advantageous in precision components.

1215 Carbon Steel Properties

DensityHardness, BrinellTensile Strength, UltimateModulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus
7.87 g/cc167540 MPa200 GPa 80 GPa

Q235 carbon steel is a Chinese standard low carbon steel widely used in construction engineering and mechanical structures. It offers good plasticity, toughness, and weldability, making it a common material for manufacturing various building supports and mechanical frameworks. Q235 is also known for its good impact resistance and can be used in environments where durability is crucial.

Q235 Carbon Steel Properties

DensityHardness, BrinellTensile Strength, UltimateModulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus
7.85 g/cc167400~550 MPa200 GPa 79.3 GPa

12L14 carbon steel is a leaded resulfurized and rephosphorized low carbon steel, which greatly enhances its machinability and processing speed, making it particularly suitable for high-speed machining. This steel is commonly used to manufacture complex and high-precision small components. The presence of lead in 12L14 provides lubrication quality during the machining process, reducing tool wear and increasing the efficiency of machining operations.

12L14 Carbon Steel Properties

DensityHardness, BrinellTensile Strength, UltimateModulus of Elasticity Shear Modulus
7.87 g/cc163540 MPa190~210 GPa 80 GPa

Advanced Carbon Steel Processing at HDC

Learn about HDC's advanced techniques in processing carbon steel, ensuring top-quality results for various industrial applications.

CNC machining carbon steel utilizing computer-controlled machines to cut, drill, and shape carbon steel with high precision.

CNC Machining Carbon Steel

Laser cutting is a precise and efficient method for slicing through carbon steel sheet metal, offering clean and accurate cuts.

Laser Cutting Carbon Steel

Joining carbon steel components through techniques such as MIG, TIG, or arc welding, essential in construction and fabrication.

Welding Carbon Steel

CNC milling utilizes computer-controlled rotary cutters to shape carbon steel into complex parts and components with high precision and excellent surface finish.

CNC Milling Carbon Steel

CNC turning involves rotating carbon steel workpieces against a cutting tool to produce cylindrical parts with precise dimensions and smooth surface quality.

CNC Turning Carbon Steel


Discover key facts and common questions about carbon steel in our concise FAQ section.

Carbon steel is favored for its versatility, strength, and affordability. It can be hardened and strengthened through heat treatment, making it ideal for a wide range of applications including construction, automotive, and machinery manufacturing.

There are three main types of carbon steel: low carbon steel (up to 0.3% carbon), medium carbon steel (0.3% to 0.6% carbon), and high carbon steel (0.6% to 2.5% carbon). Each type offers different levels of strength, ductility, and hardness, making them suitable for different applications.

The amount of carbon in carbon steel significantly impacts its properties. Higher carbon content increases hardness and strength but reduces ductility. Low carbon steel is more malleable and easier to weld, while high carbon steel is more suitable for high-strength applications but is less ductile and harder to form.

Carbon steel is less resistant to corrosion compared to other steel types like stainless steel. However, it can be coated or painted to protect against moisture and prevent rust. In environments where corrosion is a concern, proper finishing and maintenance are crucial to prolong the lifespan of carbon steel products.

Carbon steel is highly recyclable, which makes it a more environmentally friendly option compared to many other materials. Recycling steel requires significantly less energy and resources than producing new steel from raw ore, thus reducing its environmental footprint.

Explore More Materials Offered by HDC

Browse HDC's extensive selection of specialized materials, designed to meet diverse industrial needs.

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Stainless Steel Metal

HDC provides stainless steel known for its excellent corrosion resistance and strength, making it suitable for harsh environments and demanding applications.

aluminum alloy material pic
Aluminum Alloy Metal

HDC's aluminum alloys offer a superb strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance, ideal for aerospace and automotive industries.

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Polymeric Material Plastic

HDC supplies a variety of polymeric materials that are lightweight and versatile, used for applications ranging from consumer goods to industrial components.

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Titanium Alloy Metal

HDC offers titanium for its superior strength and corrosion resistance, perfect for high-performance sectors such as aerospace and medical devices.

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Copper Alloy Metal

HDC's copper alloys are highly conductive and machinable, making them excellent choices for electrical components and decorative items.

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Diverse Applications of Carbon Steel Across Industries

Uncover the wide-ranging applications of carbon steel in various sectors. 


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